Financial Overview Unit 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total Assets Million Kip 18.729.565 19.619.193 22.553.171 23.656.378 24.702.826
Total Liabilities Million Kip 9.543.163 10.410.374 13.199.302 14.365.973 15.409.106
Total Equity Million Kip 9.186.402 9.208.819 8.796.226 9.290.405 9.293.720
Total Income¹ Million Kip 1.430.297 1.656.238 1.789.907 1.588.177 1.710.170
Total Expenses² Million Kip 878.696 1.185.053 1.319.553 1.390.561 1.552.889
EBITDA³ Million Kip 1.253.747 1.460.605 1.571.886 1.392.102 1.459.889
Net Profit Million Kip 551.601 471.185 470.354 197.616 157.443
Financial Ratios
EBITDA Margin (%) 87,66 88,19 87,82 87,65 85.37
Net Profit Margin (%) 38,57 28,45 26,28 12,44 9,21
Return on Assets (ROA) (%) 2,95 2,40 2,09 0,84 0,64
Return on Equity (ROE) (%) 6,00 5,12 5,03 2,13 1,69
Debt to Equity Ratio (D/E) (Time) 1,04 1,13 1,41 1,55 1,66
Earnings Per Share (EPS) (Kip) 328,47 281,34 279,60 115,00 94,49

1. Total Income include Revenue from Sale, Other Income and Share of Profit from investments in associates and joint ventures.
2. Total Expenses consist of Cost of Sales, Operating and Administrative Expenses, Finance Costs, Income Tax Expense and Non-cash Expenses (Depreciation and net foreign exchange gain/loss).
3. Earning Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) Excludes net foreign exchange gain/loss.